The negotiations between the EU and the UK on the UK leaving the European Union began on 19 June 2017. The UK leaving the EU may bring changes for Swedish citizens and companies in the country. Until the exit negotiations are completed the UK remains a member of the EU.
On 23 June 2016 the United Kingdom held a referendum on whether the country should stay in the European Union or leave. The majority voted to leave and the result of the referendum was upheld. On 29 March 2017 UK Prime Minister Theresa May notified the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, of the UK’s intention to leave the EU by sending him a letter. The letter triggered the so called Article 50 process. Until the exit negotiations are completed the UK remains a member of the EU. The negotiations should be completed within two years from the time they are formally initiated, unless the parties agree to extend the negotiation period.
The negotiations between the EU and the UK on leaving the European Union began on 19 June 2017. Since the negotiations began both the EU commission and the British government have presented a number of position papers, these documents are not finalized negotiation results.
Phase one completed
The first phase of the exit negotiations is completed. On 8 December 2017 the EU and the UK announced they had reached an agreement on the three priority areas of the first phase:
- The rights of EU citizens living in the UK and UK citizens living in the European Union member states will remain the same after the UK has left the EU. The rights will apply to EU citizens that settle in the UK before the country leaves the EU.
- The UK has agreed that financial commitments made during its time as an EU member will be honoured.
- The land border between Ireland and Northern Ireland presents a unique situation and significant commitments to avoid a hard border have been made.
For details of the agreements, see the joint report from the EU and the UK
The agreements reached in the first phase will be implemented in the formal agreement that will be signed by the end of the negotiations. The agreements made in the two phases of the negotiations are not formally binding until the formal agreement is signed by the UK and the EU.
The Swedish Government has been working within the EU with the aim of securing the rights of Swedish citizens to live, work and study in the UK now and in the future. Sweden will continue to work towards a solution leaving the relationship between the EU and UK as close as possible after the UK's departure from the EU.
On October 19 2017, Prime Minister Theresa May wrote a letter addressed to EU citizens in the UK. In the letter, the Prime Minister wrote that the UK is preparing a process to enable EU citizens who already live in the country to obtain the documentation required to be able stay in the UK after the country left the EU.
Phase two starts
The negotiations now enter phase two, in which the future relationship between the UK and the EU is to be negotiated. The UK’s proposition of a transition period will also be negotiated in phase two.
The UK has proposed a two-year transition period after Britain leaves the EU in March 2019 and before a new agreement determining the UK-EU relationship comes into force. During the transition period, the UK has suggested that EU citizens should still be able to settle in the UK, but that a new type of registration will be required.
The embassy is available
The embassy has been receiving many questions from Swedish citizens living in the UK about how the country leaving the EU might affect them. The UK leaving the EU may bring changes for Swedish citizens and companies in the country. However, what the UK leaving the EU will mean for EU citizens and companies will not be known until the negotiations are complete and a formal agreement has been signed. The embassy cannot therefore at this point in time say what might change in the future. The British government has not yet announced any changes to the rights of EU citizens in the country. Until further notice, in general the same rules that applied before the referendum last year still apply.
If you have questions regarding what the UK leaving EU means for you as a Swedish citizen you can contact the embassy via email or phone.
You can find our contact details and opening hours here
For individuals who want to apply for Swedish citizenship, please see information on the Swedish Migration Agency’s website.
Swedish Migration Agency
Links for more information
EU's collection of information on article 50 and the negotiations with the UK
The British government's collection of information on article 50 and the negotiations with the EU
Prime Minister Theresa Mays's letter, October 19, 2017, to EU citizens in the UK
The British government: Status of EU nationals in the UK and what you need to know
Prime Minister’s letter to Donald Tusk triggering Article 50
The British government: Answers to frequently asked questions
EU: Answers to frequently asked questions regarding citizen's rights
The embassy will continuously update the website when new information is available.
Last updated: 15 December 2017
Ytterligare information och svar på vanliga frågor på svenska språkversionen