United Kingdom and the EU

The negotiations betwen the EU and the UK on leaving the European Union began on 19 June. The UK leaving the EU may bring changes for Swedish citizens and companies in the country. Until the exit negotiations are completed the UK remains a member of the EU.

On 23 June 2016 the United Kingdom held a referendum on whether the country should stay in the European Union or leave. The majority voted to leave and the result of the referendum was upheld. On 29 March 2017 UK Prime Minister Theresa May notified the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, of the UK’s intention to leave the EU by sending him a letter. The letter triggered the so called Article 50 process. The EU replied to the Prime Minister’s letter by adopting guidelines for the exit negotiations.

The negotiations betwen the EU and the UK on leaving the European Union began on 19 June. Negotiations in the first phase include the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and those of UK citizens living in other EU nations as well as the UK's financial commitments to the EU and the landborder between the UK and Ireland. Regarding the rights of EU and UK citizens, both the UK and the EU have signalled their intentions to reach an agreement early in the negotiations. The Swedish Government welcomes this and will work within the EU with the aim to secure the rights of Swedish citizens to live, work and study in the UK now and in the future. Sweden will also work towards a solution leaving the relation between the EU and UK as close as possible after the UK's departure.

Until the exit negotiations are completed the UK remains a member of the EU. The negotiations should be completed within two years from the time they are formally initiated, unless the parties agree to extend the negotiation period.

Since the negotiations began both the EU commission and the british government have presented a number of position papers, including the issue of EU citizens prospects of continuing to work and live in the UK after the country's EU exit. Below you will find links to all positions papers published by the commission and the government, please note that these documents are not finalized negotiation results.

On Friday September 22, Prime Minister Theresa May gave a speech in Florence, Italy. Among other things, Prime Minister May said that Britain guarantees EU citizens living in the UK the opportunity to stay in the country after the EU exit. In the speech, the Prime Minister also proposed a two-year transition period after Britain leaves the EU in March 2019 and before a new agreement determining the UK-EU relationship comes into force. During the transition period, the British Prime Minister suggested that EU citizens should still be able to settle in the UK, but that a new type of registration will be required. The UK proposals will be negotiated with the EU.

On October 19, Prime Minister Theresa May wrote a letter addressed to EU citizens in the UK. Among other things in the letter, the Prime Minister wrote that the UK is preparing a process to enable EU citizens who already live in the country to obtain the needed documentation to be able stay in the UK after the country left the EU.

At the European Council meeting on 19 October, the EU announced that sufficient progress has not been made in the first phase of the negotiations, in which UK’s exit from the EU is negotiated. This means the negotiations at the moment can not proceed to phase two, in which the future relationship between UK and the EU is to be negotiated.
At the European Council the EU did however decide to start preparing internally for the second phase of the negotiations, in order to be ready to start as soon as sufficient progress has been made in the first phase.

The embassy has been receiving many questions from Swedish citizens living in the UK about how the country leaving the EU might affect them. The UK leaving the EU may bring changes for Swedish citizens and companies in the country. However, what the UK leaving the EU will mean for EU citizens and companies will not be known until this has been concluded during the negotiations. The embassy cannot therefore at this point in time say what might change in the future. The British government has not yet announced any changes to the rights of EU citizens in the country. Until further notice, in general the same rules that applied before the referendum last year still apply.

If you have questions regarding what the UK leaving EU means for you as a Swedish citizen you can contact the embassy via email or phone.
You can find our contact details and opening hours here

For individuals who want to apply for Swedish citizenship, please see information on the Swedish Migration Agency’s website.
Swedish Migration Agency

Links for more information

EU's collection of information on article 50 and the negotiations with the UK
The British government's collection of information on article 50 and the negotiations with the EU
The European Council’s conclusions on 19 October 2017
Prime Minister Theresa Mays's letter, October 19, 2017, to EU citizens in the UK
Prime Minister’s speech in Florence 22 September 2017
The European Council adopts negotiating directives
The British government: Status of EU nationionals in the UK and what you need to know
The European Council's guidelines for the Brexit negotiations
Prime Minister’s letter to Donald Tusk triggering Article 50
Statement by the European Council on UK's notification letter
The British government's negotiating objectives for exiting the EU
The UK’s exit from and new partnership with the EU White Paper
Frequently asked questions on gov.uk

The embassy will continuously update the website when new information is available.

Last updated: 20 October 2017

Ytterligare information och svar på vanliga frågor på svenska språkversionen